Kolasin

Panorama of Kolasin by night

Kolasin is an ideal introduction to a typical northern Montenegro town - located at an altitude of 954m, half-way between the coast and the high mountains. The municipality extends through the upper and middle reaches of the Rivers Moraca and Tara. This mountain resort has an excellent climate of long, mild and sunny summers and three to four months of winter snow coverage. Blue skies stretch over the slopes and peaks of the mountains of Bjelasica, Sinjajevina, Javorje, Lukavica, Semolj, Kape Moracke and Maganik.

You can access Kolasin from the south, via Podgorica, along the breathtaking Moraca Canyon, or from the north, via Pljevlja and Bijelo Polje. From either direction, travelling by car or train through steep, narrow canyons on somewhat intimidating winding roads, you will experience breathtakingly spectacular views. Exiting from the deep canyons, you will reach the small and compact town of Kolasin. There are almost no suburbs and much of the surrounding area can be explored on foot. In every direction you will be treated to wonderful views of mountains, orchards, rivers and lakes.

Hiking on Mt Bjelasica - from Katun Vranjak to Biogradska Gora National Park

The earliest known inhabitants of this area were the Illyrian Autariat tribe, from which the River Tara most likely received its name. The Slavs arrived in the 7th century, and from the 15th to the 19th centuries, Kolasin was occupied and fortified by the Ottomans. In the middle of the 16th century, the town of Kolasin was founded near a Turkish military fortress intended to protect the caravans travelling between Podgorica and the north. Today, all that remains from four centuries of Ottoman occupation are the traces of a Turkish arsenal at "Barutana" located 500m south of the modern city centre. Modern Kolasin became a part of Montenegro at the Congress of Berlin in 1878.

Today, Kolasin serves as a base for exploring the nearby mountains, canyons and rivers.  Situated at an ideal altitude, Kolasin and its surroundings provide relief from the intensity of the summer's heat, while during the winter months, there is plenty of snow for skiing.

For those who want outdoor adventure, Kolasin offers plenty opportunities. You can hike to one of many lakes on Mount Bjelasica: Lake Biograd, Lake Sisko, the two lakes of Ursulovacka and Lake Pesica.

A visit to Kolasin would be incomplete without experiencing Biogradska Gora, one of the three surviving virgin forests in Europe, located near Kolasin, at an altitude of 1,094m, with one of its beautiful, although disappearing lakes - Lake Biograd.  It is ideal for walking, hiking and relaxing in cool fresh mountain air.

Traditional mountain cuisine - kacamak in Savardak restarurant in Kolasin

From Kolasin you can also visit Rikavac Peak rising above the source of the River Tara, Lake Kapetanovo and Lake Manito, under Stozac Peak, part of the Moraca Mountain Range.

If, during the winter season, you would like to go skiing or sledging you can visit the Jezerine Ski Centre on Mount Bjelasica, where you will find neatly arranged skiing and sledding trails, ski lifts and experienced ski instructors, amongst many other winter attractions.

If you are interested in the flora of this region you should visit Dulovina Botanical Garden in Kolasin, established by the Vincek family, where you will find more than a hundred specimens of rare mountain plants in an area of more than a thousand square metres. Since 1980, Dulovina Botanical Garden has presented the region's rich flora with plant species from the Bjelasica, Sinjajevina, Komovi, Prokletije and Durmitor mountains and its founder, Mr. Daniel Vincek can give you plenty of information on endemic and endangered species, medicinal herbs and forest fruits.