Montenegro is situated in the middle Mediterranean area of south-east Europe, and borders Croatia and Bosnia to the west, Serbia to the north, Albania to the east and the Adriatic Sea (Italy) to the south.

Roughly equal in circumference to Cyprus, Montenegro, with such a concertina of mountains is far bigger in terms of surface area. At 13,938 km², it is nevertheless a small country and is only 190 km from one end to the other, as the crow flies. The length of its borders are 614 km (with Croatia 14 km, Bosnia 225 km, Serbia 203 km and Albania 172 km). The length of the coastline is 293.5 km with 56.9 km of beaches and 16.1 km of island coast.