Climate & Weather

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Climate:
Mainly Mediterranean
Average air temperature:
in the summer 27.4˚C
Maximum sea temperature:
27.4˚C
Bathing season:
180 days
Colour of the sea:
dark blue
Sea water visibility:
from 38 m to 56 m
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The climate features in Montenegro are extremely diverse.

So many different climatic zones on such a small territory as Montenegro are a rarity throughout the world. There are three climatic zones in Montenegro: the coastal zone, the continental zone and the mountainous zone.

According to the average annual air temperatures, average annual quantity of rainfall, average maximum height of snow as well as according to other climate parameters, there are distinctive areas with regards to the thermal state of the atmosphere. In such a small area there are places where the annual maximum rainfall is 700 mm, and just in their vicinity there are other places where the maximum air temperature is over 41˚C. The climatic characteristics of Montenegro are very favourable, which is supported by the fact that there are no places that have been "destroyed" by nature, such as deserts. The most significant factors influencing the climate are the warm Adriatic Sea, the coastal orography (average height of land), the hydrographic system (river and lakes), plains and continental orography.

 

Mogren Beach - Budva Riviera

Coastal zone
The coastal belt, which is the narrow strip along the Adriatic Sea separated from the hinterland by steep mountain ranges, enjoys a Mediterranean climate, with long dry summers and short mild winters. Average July temperatures are 28˚C with a high approaching 30˚C; average annual sunshine is over 2,500 hours with a summer average of ten hours a day. The winter average temperature is 9˚C and rarely drops below freezing, but northern winds can be very cold. Spring is characterised by sunny weather with moderate temperatures and autumn with frequent rainfalls. November is generally the wettest month.

Fishing Boats on Rijeka Crnojevica

Continental zone
The central part of Montenegro encompasses the Zeta Plain and the Bjelopavlici Plain. Mediterranean penetration along the Bojana Valley and Lake Skadar and the influence of the water surfaces on this inland area are very significant, and this explains why the central plain is warmer in summer than is the coast. The cold air penetrations from the north into this area are frequent and are the reason why the number of frosty days is three times greater here than on the coast. Podgorica averages a January temperature of 5˚C and a July temperature of 28.5˚C. The maximum can reach 40˚C with a minimum of -10˚C.

Winter in Zabljak

Mountainous zone
The highest mountainous area consists of plains at around 1,700 m rising to peaks at around 2,000. The climate is sub-alpine with cold snowy winters, up to 5 metres of snow in the mountains, and moderate summers averaging 270 hours of sunshine per month. Winter maximum temperatures are around 3˚C with minimums around -8˚C. In the summer months it goes from 23˚C to 9˚C. If you are visiting these regions even in the middle of July, you should pack some warm clothing for the evenings.